Science according to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, is “a systematic enterprise that creates, builds and organises knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.”
The same article, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science, says that contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences, which study the material world, the social sciences, which study people and societies, and the formal sciences like mathematics. The formal sciences are often excluded as they do not depend on empirical observations.
Disciplines that use science like engineering and medicine may also be applied sciences.
Give the article a read; it does a good job, as any proper paper or report should of citing the sources it uses to gather information and data.
The opening lines of this article are of value to the advancement of science literacy. As it explains, science is systematic; it follows a set of rules and protocols that, in turn, follow other ordinances and parts of the system.
For example, for an endeavour to be scientific, it must offer testable hypotheses verifiable by experimentation – results of the experiment must then be replicable by others using the same methodology as the original experiments.
If this is not the case, the endeavour is not scientific.
I CAN’T EMPHASISE THAT PREVIOUS STATEMENT ENOUGH.
Furthermore, all theories and hypotheses must be falsifiable or refutable in science. When we have a hypothesis or theory, we must look for counterarguments that could prove the idea or theory wrong. Only when we have exhausted the possibility of falsifiability can we consider something true.
According to the philosophy of science, and the Work of Karl Popper, the best way to separate the scientific from the unscientific (or science from pseudoscience) is the principle of falsifiability.
Science is a process, a method, and, most importantly, an attitude.
We need to adhere to the rules and laws of science if we want to achieve scientific truth. Science is not a thing or a group of people. It is a construct, an amalgamation of notions that lead us to the best view of the world and the reality we live in.
Let’s end with this.
The scientific method is an ongoing process, which usually begins with observations about the natural world. Human beings are naturally inquisitive, so they often ask questions about things they see or hear and often develop ideas (hypotheses) about them.
The best hypotheses lead to testable predictions that can help in various ways, including making further observations about nature.
Thank you for reading.
— The Devil Unbound